Consider the following cash flow [-100, + 230, -132]. We want to decide under what range of discount rate this is an advantageous investment. But noting the change in sign, we conclude IRR is not a suitable instrument. (10 marks)a. Write the expression for NPV using the unknown r as discount rate.
b. Write this expression as a function of [1/(1+r)].
c. Show that the expression in (b) as a quadratic equation. Look this up if necessary.
d. Solve the quadratic equation for its two roots.
e. Prepare a table of NPV vs. r for r= 0,10,20,40,100%.
f. Draw the graph of NVP vs. r.
g. Under what range of r values is this acceptable investment?
h. Noting that NPV increases then declines as r grows from 0 to 40%, determine at what level of r NPV is a maximum (recall that d(NPV)/ds = 0, where NPV is a maximum). If you have sufficient background, solve this using calculus. If not, graphically find the top of the NPV hill (where slope = 0).