# Palo alto corporation is considering purchasing a new delivery truck.

Palo Alto Corporation is considering purchasing a new delivery truck. The truck has many advantages over the company’s current truck (not the least of which is that it runs). The new truck would cost \$55,950. Because of the increased capacity, reduced maintenance costs, and increased fuel economy, the new truck is expected to generate cost savings of \$8,560. At the end of 8 years the company will sell the truck for an estimated \$27,610. Traditionally the company has used a rule of thumb that a proposal should not be accepted unless it has a payback period that is less than 50% of the asset’s estimated useful life. Larry Newton, a new manager, has suggested that the company should not rely solely on the payback approach, but should also employ the net present value method when evaluating new projects. The company’s cost of capital is 8%.(Refer the below table).
Compute the cash payback period and net present value of the proposed investment. (If the netpresent value is negative, use either a negative sign preceding the number eg -45 orparentheses eg (45). Round answer for present value to 0 decimal places, e.g. 125. Roundanswer for Payback period to 1 decimal place, e.g. 10.5. Round Discount Factor to 5 decimalplaces, e.g. 0.17986.)Cash payback periodNet present value
years\$
Doug’s Custom Construction Company is considering three new projects, each requiring an equipment investment of \$23,320. Each project will last for 3 years and produce the following net annual cash flows.Year
AA
BB
CC
1
\$7,420
\$10,600
\$13,780
2
9,540
10,600
12,720
3
12,720
10,600
11,660
\$29,680
\$31,800
\$38,160
Total
The equipment’s salvage value is zero, and Doug uses straight­line depreciation. Doug will not accept any project with a cash payback period over 2 years. Doug’s required rate of return is 12%. (Refer the below table)
Compute each project’s payback period. (Round answers to 2 decimal places, e.g. 15.25.)AA
years
BB
years
CC
years
Which is the most desirable project?The most desirable project based on payback period is
Which is the least desirable project?
The least desirable project based on payback period is
Henkel Company is considering three long­term capital investment proposals. Each investment has a useful life of 5 years. Relevant data on each project are as follows.Proje
Project Project OscarLima
ct KiloCapital investment
\$167,400
Annual net income:
\$178,200
\$200,85 0

Year 1
18,900
29,700
2
14,040
17,820
24,300
3
14,040
16,740
23,220
4
14,040
12,420
14,580
5

14,040
14,040
9,180
13,500
\$70,200
\$75,060
Total
\$105,300
Depreciation is computed by the straight­line method with no salvage value. The company’s cost of capital is 15%. (Assume that cash flows occur evenly throughout the year.) (Refer the below table)Compute the cash payback period for each project. (Round answers to 2 decimal places, e.g. 10.50.) Project Kilo
years
Project Lima
years
Project Oscar
years
Goltra Clinic is considering investing in new heart-monitoring equipment. It has two options:Option A would have an initial lower cost but would require a significant expenditure forrebuilding after 4 years. Option B would require no rebuilding expenditure, but its maintenancecosts would be higher. Since the Option B machine is of initial higher quality, it is expected tohave a salvage value at the end of its useful life. The following estimates were made of the cashflows. The company’s cost of capital is 6%.
Option AInitial cost
Option B
\$191,000
\$263,000
Annual cash inflows
\$72,000
\$81,800
Annual cash outflows
\$28,100
\$26,700
Cost to rebuild (end of year 4)
\$51,100
\$0
\$0
\$7,900
Salvage valueEstimated useful life
7 years
7 years
Compute the (1) net present value, (2) profitability index, and (3) internal rate of return for eachoption. (Hint: To solve for internal rate of return, experiment with alternative discount rates toarrive at a net present value of zero.) (If the net present value is negative, use either a negativesign preceding the number eg -45 or parentheses eg (45). Round answers for present value to0 decimal places, e.g. 125. Round profitability index to 2 decimal places, e.g. 10.50. Roundanswers for IRR to 0 decimal places, e.g. 12. Round Discount Factor to 5 decimal places.)
Net Present Value
Profitability Index
Internal Rate of Return
Option A
\$
%
Option B
\$
%