Exercise 2-15 A Prepaid Items On Financial Statements

Exercise 2-15A

Prepaid items on financial statements

Life, Inc., experienced the following events in 2016, its first year of operation:

1. Performed counseling services for $36,000 cash.

2. On February 1, 2016, paid $18,000 cash to rent office space for the coming year.

3. Adjusted the accounts to reflect the amount of rent used during the year.

Required

Based on this information alone:

a. Record the events under an accounting equation.

TABLE PROVIDED BELOW

EXERCISE 2-15A

a.

Life, Inc.Effect of Events on the Accounting Equation
Assets = Stockholders’ Equity
Event Cash Prepaid Rent = Retained Earnings
1. Performed Services 36,000 36,000
2. Prepaid Rent (18,000) 18,000 NA
3. Used Rent (18,000) (18,000)
Totals 18,000 0 = 18,000

*

b. Prepare an income statement, balance sheet, and statement of cash flows for the 2016 accounting period.

Life, Inc.Income StatementFor the Year Ended December 31, 2016
Revenue 36,000
Expense 18,000
Net Income 18,000
Life, Inc.Balance SheetAs of December 31, 2016
Assets
Cash 36,000
Prepaid Rent 18,000
Total Assets 54,000
Liabilities (18,000)
Stockholders’ Equity
Retained Earnings
Total Stockholders’ Equity
Total Liab. and Stockholders’ Equity

EXERCISE 2-15A b. (cont.)

Life, Inc.Statement of Cash FlowsFor the Year Ended December 31, 2016
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
Cash Receipt from Revenue
Cash Payment for Rent
Net Cash Flow from Operating Activities
Cash Flows From Investing Activities
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
Net Change in Cash
Plus: Beginning Cash Balance
Ending Cash Balance

c. Ignoring all other future events, what is the amount of rent expense that would be recognized

in 2017?

EXERCISE 2-19A

Exercise 2-19A on page 111

Exercise 2-19A Supplies, unearned revenue, and the financial statements model

Hart, Attorney at Law, experienced the following transactions in 2016, the first year of

operations:

1. Accepted $36,000 on April 1, 2016, as a retainer for services to be performed evenly over the

next 12 months.

2. Performed legal services for cash of $54,000.

3. Purchased $2,800 of office supplies on account.

4. Paid $2,400 of the amount due on accounts payable.

5. Paid a cash dividend to the stockholders of $5,000.

6. Paid cash for operating expenses of $31,000.

7. Determined that at the end of the accounting period $200 of office supplies remained on

hand.

8. On December 31, 2016, recognized the revenue that had been earned for services performed

in accordance with Transaction 1.

Required

Show the effects of the events on the financial statements using a horizontal statements model

like the following one. In the Cash Flows column, use the initials OA to designate operating activity, IA for investing activity, FA for financing activity, and NC for net change in cash. Use NA

to indicate accounts not affected by the event. The first event has been recorded as an example.

Event

Assets 5 Liabilities 1 Stk. Equity

No. Cash 1 Supplies 5 Accts. Pay 1 Unearn. Rev. 1 Ret. Earn. Rev. 2 Exp. 5 Net Inc. Cash Flow

1. 36,000 1 NA 5 NA 1 36,000 1 NA NA 2 NA 5 NA 36,000 OA

TABLE PROVIDED BELOW

Hart Attorney At LawEffect of Transactions on the Financial Statements for 2016
Balance Sheet Income Statement Statement of
Assets = Liabilities + S. Equity Rev Exp. = Net Inc. Cash Flows
No. Cash + Supplies = Accts. Payable + Unearn. Rev. + RetainedEarnings
1. + = + + =
2. + = + + =
3. + = + + =
4. + = + + =
5. + = + + =
6. + = + + =
7. + = + + =
8. + = + + =
Totals 51,600 + 200 = 400 + 9,000 + 42,400 81,000 33,600 = 47,400 51,600 NC

EXERCISE 2-27A

Exercise 2-27A Effect of accounting events on the income statement and statement

of cash flows

Required

Explain how each of the following events or series of events and the related adjusting entry will

affect the amount of net income and the amount of cash flow from operating activities reported

on the year-end financial statements. Identify the direction of change (increase, decrease, or NA)

and the amount of the change. Organize your answers according to the following table. The first

event is recorded as an example. If an event does not have a related adjusting entry, record only

Cash Flows from

Net Income Operating Activities

Event/ Direction of Amount of Direction of Amount of

Adjustment Change Change Change Change

a NA NA Decrease $9,000

Adj Decrease $2,250 NA NA

a. Paid $9,000 cash on October 1 to purchase a one-year insurance policy.

b. Purchased $2,000 of supplies on account. Paid $500 cash on accounts payable. The ending

balance in the Supplies account, after adjustment, was $300.

c. Provided services for $10,000 cash.

d. Collected $2,400 in advance for services to be performed in the future. The contract called for

services to start on May 1 and to continue for one year.

e. Accrued salaries amounting to $5,600.

f. Sold land that cost $3,000 for $3,000 cash.

g. Acquired $15,000 cash from the issue of common stock.

h. Earned $12,000 of revenue on account. Collected $8,000 cash from accounts receivable.

i. Paid cash operating expenses of $4,500.

e. Paid cash for rent expense.

f. Performed services for cash.

g. Performed services for clients on account.

h. Collected cash from accounts receivable.

i. Received cash for services to be performed in the future.

j. Purchased land with cash.

TABLE PROVIDED BELOW

Net Income Cash Flow fromOperating Activities
Event/Adj. Direction of Change Amount of Change Direction of Change Amount of Change
a. Event Adj.
b. Event Adj.
b. EventNo adj.
d. Event Adj.
e. EventNo adj.
f. EventNo adj.
f. EventNo adj.
g. EventNo adj.
h. EventNo adj.

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